1461. Trichia aurea Schumach.

1461. T. aurea, sparsa peridio primo subrotundo deinde turbinato aureo, substiato; capillitio diffuso flavo; pulvere subtilissimo, atro; stipite brevi subsulcato cylindrico colore peridii.
In foliis dejectis Pini sylvestris. Augus. provenit.

Schumacher figure 73.4:
Schumacher figure 73.4: Trichia aurea
Reproduced with permission from the Natural History Museum of Denmark ©

Text accompanying figure 73.4:
Trichia aurea m:
In foliis dejectis Pini sylvestris. August :

Previous interpretations:
Source Interpretation
Rostafinski (1874: 125) Craterium aureum (Schumach.) Rostaf. (as Craterium aureum (Schum.))
Raunkiær (1888: 80) Craterium aureum (Schumach.) Rostaf. (as Craterium aureum (Schum.))
Lister (1894: 73) synonym of Craterium mutabile Fr. & Palmquist (as Craterium mutabile Fries)
Lister (1911: 98) Craterium aureum (Schumach.) Rostaf. (as Craterium aureum Rost.)
Lister (1925: 79) Craterium aureum (Schumach.) Rostaf. (as Craterium aureum Rost.)
Bjørnekær & Klinge (1964: 239) Craterium aureum (Schumach.) Rostaf.
Martin & Alexopoulos (1969: 269) Craterium aureum (Schumach.) Rostaf.

Since Rostafinski there have been consensus, that Trichia aurea Schumach. is a valid species in the genus Craterium. Fries (1829) created his own name: Craterium mutabile Fr. & Palmquist for similar specimens, but cited Schumacher's name as a synonym.

Schumacher's figure adds little to the description and would probably be classified as Craterium aureum (Schumach.) Rostaf., also in the current understanding of that species.

It should be noted that the table 1314, figure 2 of "Flora Danica", named Trichia aurea Schum.? is not this species, but probably Craterium leucocephalum (Pers. ex J.F. Gmel.) Ditmar as suggested by Lange (1887) (1).

Trichia aurea Schumach. is accepted as a valid species. Schumacher's name is the basionym of Craterium aureum (Schumach.) Rostaf., and his figure (73.4 above) is the type of that species.


1. Lange, Joh. 1887: Nomenclator "Florae Danicae", sive index systematicus et alphabeticus operis, quod "Icones Florae Danicae" inscribitur, cum enumeratione tabularum ordinem temporum habente, adiectis notis criticis. Lehmann & Stage, Hauniae. 354 p.